Guest Contribution: Real GDP increased 2.5% Annualized in Q1

Guest Contribution: Real GDP increased 2.5% Annualized in Q1

Today, we have a guest contribution from Calculated Risk, Fianance & Economics blog.

From the BEA:

Real gross domestic product — the output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States — increased at an annual rate of 2.5 percent in the first quarter of 2013 (that is, from the fourth quarter to the first quarter), according to the “advance” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 0.4 percent.

The increase in real GDP in the first quarter primarily reflected positive contributions from personal consumption expenditures (PCE), private inventory investment, exports, residential investment, and nonresidential fixed investment that were partly offset by negative contributions from federal government spending and state and local government spending. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

Personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased at a 3.2% annualized rate, and residential investment increased 12.6%. However equipment and software increased only 3.0%, and non-residential investment in structures declined slightly.

“Change in private inventories” added 1.03 percentage points to GDP in Q1 (reversing most of the decline last quarter), and the Federal government subtracted 0.65 percentage points (mostly a decrease in defense spending). State and local governments continued to decline.

This was below expectations of a 3.1% growth rate, but domestic demand was decent with PCE and private investment increasing. I’ll have more on GDP later …

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